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Proof of Stake


Proof of Stake (PoS) - Security Consensus

Proof of stake, or PoS, is a type of consensus algorithm by which a cryptocurrency blockchain network aims to achieve distributed consensus. In PoS-based cryptocurrencies the creator of the next block is chosen via various combinations of random selection and wealth or age (i.e., the stake). -Wikipedia

| Account Management in Proof of Stake Ledgers - Karakostas, Kiayias, Larangeira 2020
| Consistency of Proof of Stake Blockchains with Concurrent Honest Slot Leaders - Kiayias, Quader, Russell 2020
| Cryptocurrencies without Depletion of Physical Scarce Resources - Bentov, Gabizon, Mizrahi 2016
| Extending Bitcoin’s Proof of Work via Proof of Stake - Bentov, Lee, Mizrahi, Rosenfeld 2016
| Formal Specification for a Cardano Wallet - Coutts and de Vries 2018
| Hybrid POW and POS Cryptocurrency via MemCoin - Adam Mackenzie 2012
| Hybrid PoW and PoS Design - Christina Jepson 2015
| Linear Consistency for Proof of Stake Blockchains -Blum, Kiayias, Moore, Quader, Russell 2019
| Ouroboros: A Provably Secure Proof of Stake Blockchain Protocol - Kiayias, Russell, David, Oliynykov 2019
| Ouroboros Chronos: Permissionless Clock Synchronization via Proof of Stake - Badertscher, Gazi, Kiayias, Russell, Zikas 2019
| Ouroboros Crypsinous: Privacy Preserving Proof of Stake - Kerber, Kohlweiss, Kiayias, Zikas 2019
| Ouroboros Genesis: Composable Proof of Stake Blockchains with Dynamic Availability - Badertscher, Gazi, Kiayias, Russell, Zikas 2019
| Ouroboros Praos: An Adaptively-Secure, Semi-Synchronous Proof of Stake Blockchain - David, Gazi, Kiayias, Russell 2017
| Pixel: Multi-signatures for Consensus - Drijvers, Gorbunov, Neven, Wee 2020
| Proof of Stake Algorithm for Distributed Consensus - Spencer Hosack 2018
| Proof of Stake: Attacks and Possible Vulnerabilities - BitFury Group 2015
| Proof of Stake Made Simple with Casper - Moindrot and Bournhonesque 2017
| Proof of Stake Blockchain Protocols with Near-Optimal Throughput - Fitzi, Gazi, Kiayias, Russell 2019
| Proof of Stake Sidechains - Gazi, Kiayias, Zindros 2018
| Proof of Stake Time via VeriCoin - Pike, Nosker, Boehm, et al. 2014
| Proof of Work and Proof of Stake consensus protocols - Seang and Torre 2018
| Proof of Work and Proof of Stake via TwinsCoin - Chepurnoy, Duongy, Fan, Zhou 2017
| Reward Sharing Schemes for Stake Pools - Brünjes, Kiayias, Koutsoupias, Stouka 2020
| Robust Proof of Stake: A New Consensus Protocol for Sustainable Blockchains - Li, Wei, He 2020
| Scaling Byzantine Agreements for Cryptocurrencies - Gilad, Hemo, Micali, Vlachos, Zeldovich 2017
| Selfish Behavior in the Tezos Proof of Stake Protocol - Neuder, Rao, Moroz, Parkes 2020
| Stake Shift in Major Cryptocurrencies - Stutz, Gazi, Haslhofer, Illum 2020
| Stake Bleeding Attacks on Proof of Stake Blockchains - Gazi, Kiayias, Russel 2018
| Vault: Fast Bootstrapping for the Algorand Cryptocurrency - Leung, Suhl, Gilad, Zeldovich 2019

Research Papers - Table of Contents

| Bitcoin Lightning Network - (12 reports)
| Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs) - (32 reports)
| CBDC Special Reports by the Bank of International Settlements (BIS) - (11 reports)
| Coins, Tokens & Cryptocurrency Whitepapers - (39 reports)
| Cryptocurrency Crime, Terrorism & National Security - (43 reports)
| Decentralized Finance (DeFi) - (10 reports)
| Investment Bank, Hedge Fund & Analyst Reports - (39 reports)
| Mining Bitcoin & Cryptocurrencies - (33 reports)
| Proof of Stake (PoS) - Security Consensus - (29 reports)
| Proof of Work (PoW) - Security Consensus - (15 reports)
| Stablecoins - (9 reports)
| Think Tank, Government & Legal/Accounting Reports - (81 reports)
| Understanding Austrian Economics and Bitcoin - (16 reports)
| University Faculty, PhD Candidate & Graduate Student Research - (35 reports)

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